Iran, the Promising Ground for Green Mixed-use Development.


Over the last few years, mixed-use developments have turned to the focus stage in urban planning in Western Asia. Since 2004, The Western Asia region has been witnessing rapid developments in the green mixed-use development industry, primarily driven by concerns related to environmental degradation and energy inefficiency. Not only are buildings built in that region consume more energy, the weather difference between night and day is quite high compared to other regions, showing significant opportunities to lessen environmental pollution and promote the sustainable use of resources.

The Western Asia region, hindered by natural constraints and underlying political and social issues, has tried over the years to shift towards more sustainable practices in design and construction. A large number of mixed-use developments, bringing daily needs like residential, hospitality, office space and retail have been made a part of urban planning with their added value above average single-use developments steering demand. Since 2004, the concept of having building communities has become popular, in Western Asia many districts have a couple of retail shops downstairs with residential upstairs, considered to be the very basic mixed-use projects.

Mixed-use at the heart of Iran’s architecture

iran mixused

In recent years, Iran has used architecture to shape and reflect Iranian identity, especially in its capital city, Tehran. Kamvari Architects were involved in a competition to design a 300.000 square foot mixed-use building scheme for Zartosht. “Tehran deserves an international building”, they said. The site is located in the fabric and textile shops region. They explored a pre-formative skin and building volume which cater for Zartosht’s requirements and also they got a chance to design innovative architectural and material ideas to be explored from their surroundings.

The building façade considers environmental aspects such as solar gains as well as comfort issues such as glare. The louvered façade uses parametric design tools which reduce overall heat gains on the interior of the building whilst allowing daylight, reducing the need for lighting and cooling.

“The overall aim is to create a new precedent in terms of quality retail and office space for the city of Tehran. The design is greatly influenced by the local region and the long and illustrious history of architecture within Iran, making every attempt to use advanced designed tools a means of creating a sustainable and innovative building“, the architect explains.

Iran has proven their resilience towards different kind of challenges, both natural and manmade, and sustainability within the built environment industry through some building proposals. A step forward to sustainability would be having a harmonious approach towards the reformation of green building to have consistent baselines for energy, water and environmental impact. It is a long way until they are able to change behavior but they are definitely on track. ( – VL)

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